Over two million U.S. service members have been deployed to Iraq or Afghanistan since America’s engagement in the post-;September 11 “war on terrorism,” approximately 27% of whom have been deployed more than once. Research suggests that the burden of mental disorders and symptoms, including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), substance use disorders, and depression, is high among service members within the first year of returning from these deployments. Furthermore, with some notable exceptions, research suggests a rise with time since deployment in the rate of psychiatric problems among U.S. service members and veterans which may indicate better problem detection and more psychiatric morbidity over time. Reports of increases in marital and occupational difficulties after military service in either Iraq or Afghanistan (Iraq-Afghanistan) provide further evidence of postdeployment reintegration problems. Read more here….